Publications:Stability analysis of the t-SNE algorithm for human activity pattern data


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Title Stability analysis of the t-SNE algorithm for human activity pattern data
Author Rebeen Ali Hamad and Eric Järpe and Jens Lundström
Year 2018
PublicationType Conference Paper
Conference The 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC2018), Miyazaki, Japan, Oct. 7-10, 2018
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Abstract Health technological systems learning from and reacting on how humans behave in sensor equipped environments are today being commercialized. These systems rely on the assumptions that training data and testing data share the same feature space, and residing from the same underlying distribution - which is commonly unrealistic in real-world applications. Instead, the use of transfer learning could be considered. In order to transfer knowledge between a source and a target domain these should be mapped to a common latent feature space. In this work, the dimensionality reduction algorithm t-SNE is used to map data to a similar feature space and is further investigated through a proposed novel analysis of output stability. The proposed analysis, Normalized Linear Procrustes Analysis (NLPA) extends the existing Procrustes and Local Procrustes algorithms for aligning manifolds. The methods are tested on data reflecting human behaviour patterns from data collected in a smart home environment. Results show high partial output stability for the t-SNE algorithm for the tested input data for which NLPA is able to detect clusters which are individually aligned and compared. The results highlight the importance of understanding output stability before incorporating dimensionality reduction algorithms into further computation, e.g. for transfer learning.