Publications:Adaptive Cooperative Awareness Messaging for Enhanced Overtaking Assistance on Rural Roads

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Title Adaptive Cooperative Awareness Messaging for Enhanced Overtaking Assistance on Rural Roads
Author Annette Böhm and Magnus Jonsson and Elisabeth Uhlemann
Year 2011
PublicationType Conference Paper
HostPublication IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Fall 2011)
Conference 4th International Symposium on Wireless Vehicular Communications (WIVEC 2011), San Fransisco, USA, September 5-6, 2011
Diva url
Abstract Cooperative traffic safety applications such as lane change or overtaking assistance have the potential to reduce the number of road fatalities. Many emerging traffic safety applications are based on IEEE 802.11p and periodic position messages, so-called cooperative awareness messages (CAM) being broadcasted by all vehicles. In Europe, ETSI defines a periodic report rate of 2 Hz for CAMs. Although a high report rate is the key to early hazard detection, the 2 Hz rate has been chosen to avoid congestion in settings where the vehicle density is high, e.g., on major highways and in urban scenarios. However, on rural roads with a limited number of communicating vehicles, a report rate of 2 Hz leads to unnecessary delay in cooperative awareness. By adapting the CAM report rate depending on the specific application and road traffic density, and by making use of the priority levels provided by the 802.11p quality of service mechanism, we show that hazards can be detected earlier and the available bandwidth is used more efficiently, while not overexploiting the network resources.