Publications:Symmetry Assessment by Finite Expansion : application to forensic fingerprints


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Title Symmetry Assessment by Finite Expansion : application to forensic fingerprints
Author Anna Mikaelyan and Josef Bigun
Year 2014
PublicationType Conference Paper
HostPublication BIOSIG 2014 : Proceedings of the 13th International Conference of the Biometrics Special Interest Group: 10.–12. September 2014: Darmstadt, Germany
Conference 2014 International Conference of the Biometrics Special Interest Group (BIOSIG), Darmstadt, Germany, 10-12 September, 2014
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Abstract Common image features have too poor information for identification of forensic images of fingerprints, where only a small area of the finger is imaged and hence a small amount of key points are available. Noise, nonlinear deformation, and unknown rotation are additional issues that complicate identification of forensic fingerprints. We propose a feature extraction method which describes image information around key points: Symmetry Assessment by Finite Expansion (SAFE). The feature set has built-in quality estimates as well as a rotation invariance property. The theory is developed for continuous space, allowing compensation for features directly in the feature space when images undergo such rotation without actually rotating them. Experiments supporting that use of these features improves identification of forensic fingerprint images of the public NIST SD27 database are presented. Performance of matching orientation information in a neighborhood of core points has an EER of 24% with these features alone, without using minutiae constellations, in contrast to 36% when using minutiae alone. Rank-20 CMC is 58%, which is lower than 67% when using notably more manually collected minutiae information.