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Autonomous Cooperative Driving: Communication issues

Project start:
1 March 2014
Project end:
31 December 2016
More info (PDF):
[[media: | pdf]]
Magnus Jonsson

Involved internal personnel
Involved external personnel
Involved partners


Vehicular communication using wireless technology is a cornerstone in the design of many important cooperative safety or convenience services offered in today’s vehicles, as e.g. lane change assistance or blind spot warnings. A growing application is vehicle platooning, where a caravan of vehicles on the highway can automatically follow a leading vehicle (controlled by a human driver). The next step in the evolution of this application area is fully auto­nomous driving, which is considered as a strategically important development direction by numerous leading car and truck manufacturers. Although the introduction of fully autonomous vehicles into ordinary city environ­ments still lies far ahead, the automatic operation of vehicles in restricted areas, as e.g. in harbours, storage facilities, or mines, is feasible to some extend already today. However, cooperation between vehicles using wireless communica­tion can enhance the possibilities to a great extent. Autonomous cooperative driving enabled by intervehicle communication has highly demanding operating condi­tions and generates delay-sensitive data traffic with requirements on high reliability regarding correct data delivery. Achieving this high data reliability within a given time frame is particularly difficult in vehicular networks due to the highly dynamic radio environment encountered by the communicating cars or trucks.


Autonomous Cooperative Driving can increase traffic safety, reduce fuel consumption, and lead to more efficient road use and the possibility of driverless vehicles in certain environments.


To support autonomous cooperative driving with dependable wireless real-time communications

Two Main Application Scenarios

  1. Platooning (road trains), including special cases like joining in the middle of the platoon to arrange for best fuel saving
  2. Fully autonomous driving in a restricted area like a construction site, a harbor, or a mine

Main Research Questions

  • How can wireless communication enable/enhance autonomous cooperative driving and what application requirements on the communication will there exist in such applications?
  • How can we design and configure communication protocols and methods to fulfill the requirements on dependable wireless real-time communications?


Real-time medium access and reliability strategies

A. Böhm, M. Jonsson, K. Kunert and A. Vinel, "Context-Aware Retransmission Scheme for Increased Reliability in Platooning Applications", Proc. Nets4Cars/Nets4Trains-2014, Springer LNCS 8435, Offenburg, Germany, May 2014.

C. Campolo, A. Molinaro, A. Vinel and Y. Zhang, "Modeling Event-Driven Safety Messages Delivery in IEEE 802.11p/WAVE Vehicular Networks", IEEE Communications Letters, vol.17, no.12, pp.2392-2395, December 2013.

A. Böhm, M. Jonsson, and E. Uhlemann, "Co-existing periodic beaconing and hazard warnings in IEEE 802.11p-based platooning applications", Proc. 10th ACM International Workshop on VehiculAr Inter-NETworking, Systems, and Applications (ACM VANET 2013), Taipei, Taiwan, June 2013.

M. Jonsson, K. Kunert, and A. Böhm, "Increased communication reliability for delay-sensitive platooning applications on top of IEEE 802.11p", Proc. Nets4Cars/Nets4Trains-2013, Springer LNCS 7865, Lille, France, May 2013.

Misbehavior detection and mitigation

N. Lyamin, A. Vinel, M. Jonsson, and J. Loo, "Real-Time Detection of Denial-of-Service Attacks in IEEE 802.11p Vehicular Networks", IEEE Communications Letters, vol.18, no.1, pp.110-113, January 2014.

Video transmission

E. Belyaev, A. Vinel, M. Jonsson, and K. Sjoberg, "Live Video Streaming in IEEE 802.11p Vehicular Networks: Demonstration of an Automotive Surveillance Application", Proc. IEEE INFOCOM 2014 - Demo/Poster Session, Toronto, Canada, May 2014.

A. Vinel, E. Belyaev, B. Bellalta, and H. Hu, "Live Video Streaming in Vehicular Networks", Proc. Nets4Cars/Nets4Trains-2014, Springer LNCS 8435, Offenburg, Germany, May 2014.

B. Bellalta, E. Belyaev, M. Jonsson, and A. Vinel, "Performance Evaluation of IEEE 802.11p-Enabled Vehicular Video Surveillance System", IEEE Communications Letters, vol.18, no.4, pp.708-711, April 2014.

A. Vinel, E. Belyaev, O. Lamotte, M. Gabbouj, Y. Koucheryavy, and K. Egiazarian, "Video transmission over IEEE 802.11p: real-world measurements", Proc. IEEE ICC 2013 - Workshop on Emerging Vehicular Networks: V2V/V2I and Railroad Communications, Budapest, Hungary, June 2013.